Usually, there was no mayor in the modern sense; all the échevins or consuls were on equal footing, and rendered decisions collegially. unesdoc.unesco.org Mention is made of a hut financed by the International Association for … Therefore, when they created the communes, they deprived them of any legal "personality" (as they did with the départements), with only the central state having legal "personality." By way of contrast, in the German states bordering Alsace, the geo-political and administrative areas have been subject to various re-organizations from the 1960s onward. In metropolitan France 57 percent of the 36,683 communes[5] have fewer than 500 inhabitants and, with 4,638,000 inhabitants, these smaller communes constitute just 7.7 percent of the total population. Very good relations with Socialist Republic of Italy and Union of Britain. The median area is a better measure of the area of a typical French commune. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or municipio in Spain. Communes typically are based on pre-existing villages and facilitate local governance. On the other hand, cities and towns have grown so much that their urbanized area is now extending far beyond the limits of their commune which were set at the time of the revolution. Many rural communes with few residents struggle to maintain and manage basic services such as running water, garbage collection, or properly paved communal roads. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. Formul' Code Commune Pour compléter un numéro de Sécurité sociale, retrouvez les codes des communes (n°INSEE) ou des pays de naissance associés, en saisissant le nom de la commune ou du pays. 86.7 percent of the population of metropolitan France. Mainly in this category are the traditional syndicates of communes. Découvrez le classement complet des villes classées par population It shows the distinctive nature of the French commune as a geo-political or administrative entity. This is what the Chevènement law was concerned with, and it distinguished three structures with fiscal power: Apart from the above cases, the communes with the fewest inhabitants in the French Republic are: The largest commune of the French Republic is, The smallest commune of the French Republic is, In metropolitan France the largest commune is the commune of, The commune of the French Republic farthest away from Paris is the commune of, In continental France (i.e. Avoir des noms de villes normalisés (éviter les fautes d’orthographe). Par exemple, les enregistrements avec comme valeur "2018" dans le champ Année correspondent aux communes françaises existantes au 1er Janvier 2018. From 41,000 communes at the time of the French Revolution, the number decreased to 37,963 in 1921, to 36,569 in 2008 (in metropolitan France). In this area as in many others, the work of the National Assembly was, properly speaking, revolutionary: not content with transforming all the chartered cities and towns into communes, the National Assembly also decided to turn all the village parishes into full-status communes. Une telle base de données peut être utile pour des sites web ou des applications mobiles. France was the most populous country in Europe at this time, with a population of approximately 25 million inhabitants in the late 18th century (England in contrast had only 6 million inhabitants), which accounts for the large number of parishes. – "In the name of the law, I declare you united by the bonds of marriage."). Today about 90 percent of communes and departments are exactly the same as those designed at the time of the French Revolution more than 200 years ago, with the same limits. This was a real revolution for the thousands of villages that never had experienced organized municipal life before. This is still the case today. For the government of Paris in 1871, see, France territorial subdivision for municipalities, Communes farthest away from the capital city of France, Learn how and when to remove this template message, French villages destroyed in the First World War, Saint-Remy-en-Bouzemont-Saint-Genest-et-Isson, Beaujeu-Saint-Vallier-Pierrejux-et-Quitteur, List of fifteen largest French metropolitan areas by population, Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, "Code officiel géographique — Présentation", Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, "Code des collectivités d'outre-mer (COM)", "Le code officiel géographique (COG), avant, pendant et autour (Version 3, volume 1)", "Circonscriptions administratives au 1er janvier 2015 : comparaisons régionales", "25 Jahre Gemeindereform Baden-Württemberg; hier: Neuordnung der Gemeinden", Direction générale des collectivités locales (DGCL), Ministry of the Interior, "Répartition des EPCI à fiscalité propre par département au 01/01/2007", Le développement de l'intercommunalité: la révolution discrète, Complete lists of cities and municipalities in France, List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Communes_of_France&oldid=983949885, Fourth-level administrative country subdivisions, Articles that may contain original research from January 2015, All articles that may contain original research, Articles needing additional references from April 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2011, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, these municipal bodies were not democratic; they were usually in the hands of some rich bourgeois families upon whom, over time, nobility had been conferred, so they can be better labeled as. Suburban communes often team up with the city at the core of their urban area to form a community charged with managing public transport or even administering the collection of local taxes. In rural areas, many communes have entered a community of communes only to benefit from government funds. Each commune is governed by a mayor (maire) elected for a 6-year term. As of January 2015, there were 36,681 communes in France, 36,552 of them in metropolitan France and 129 of them overseas. To better grasp the staggering number of communes in France, two comparisons can be made: First, of the original 15 member states of the European Union there are approximately 75,000 communes; France alone, which comprises 16 percent of the population of the EU-15, had nearly half of its communes. L'annuaire des mairies est totalement gratuit. The commune (French pronunciation: ​[kɔmyn]) is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. The most extreme example of this is Paris, where the urbanized area sprawls over 396 communes. They had been emancipated from the power of feudal lords in the 12th and 13th centuries, had municipal bodies which administered the city, and bore some resemblance with the communes that the French Revolution would establish except for two key points: In the north, cities tended to be administered by échevins (from an old Germanic word meaning judge), while in the south, cities tended to be administered by consuls (in a clear reference to Roman antiquity), but Bordeaux was administered by jurats (etymologically meaning "sworn men") and Toulouse by capitouls ("men of the chapter"). Despite enormous differences in population, each of the communes of the French Republic possess a mayor (maire) and a municipal council (conseil municipal), which jointly manage the commune from the municipal hall (mairie), with exactly the same powers no matter the size of the commune. La liste des communes par département est accessible en cliquant sur le nombre de communes du département. Les Mairies et communes de France: Annuaire des mairies et communes de Françaises. The median population of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was 380 inhabitants. [1] "Commune" in English has a historical bias, and implies an association with socialist political movements or philosophies, collectivist lifestyles, or particular history (after the rising of the Paris Commune, 1871, which could have more felicitously been called, in English, "the rising of the City of Paris"). Syndicates can be set up for a particular purpose or to deal with several simultaneous matters. French communes were created at the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789–1790. European France excluding, The commune of the French Republic with the shortest name is the commune of. The Revolutionaries were inspired by Cartesian ideas as well as by the philosophy of the Enlightenment. French communes were created at the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789–1790. Dans le cadre de son pouvoir de police des funérailles et des inhumations, Le Maire de la Ville de Fort-de-France informe que, suivant l’arrêté municipal : n° S-26/10/2020-194 du 26/10/2020, la Ville procédera à compter du 23 novembre 2020, à la relève des sépultures en terrains communs dans le cimetière de … L es communes de France et Ma commune.. J e vais faire une demande au maire de ma commune pour qu’il accorde une audience à ma classe afin que tout cela soit vraiment du concret.. 2 ème séquence: . In Réunion, demographic expansion and sprawling urbanization have resulted in the administrative splitting of some communes. Some say that, should government money transfers be stopped, many of these communities of communes would revert to their former status of syndicate, or simply completely disappear in places where there were no syndicates prior to the law. The commune is the lowest administrative division in France.It represents all parts of a town or a village under the same name, for example Paris, Bordeaux or Rennes.As of January 1, 2008, there were 36,781 communes in France, 36,569 of them in metropolitan France and 212 of them in overseas France. However, in many places local feuds have arisen, and it was not possible to set up an intercommunal structure for the whole of the urban area: some communes refusing to take part in it, or even creating their own structure. The complete code has eight digits and three spaces within, but there is a popular simplified code with five digits and no space within: Each commune has a municipal council (conseil municipal) compound of municipal councilors (conseillers municipaux). The size of the municipal council, the method of electing the municipal council, the maximum allowable pay of the mayor and deputy mayors, and municipal campaign finance limits (among other features) all depend on the population echelon into which a particular commune falls. This is much more than in any other European country. Entre 2007 et 2017, la population a augmenté de 0,5 % par an en moyenne, soit 292 400 personnes supplémentaires chaque année. Paris in fact was one of the very few communes of France whose limits were extended to take into account the expansion of the urbanized area. In exchange for the creation of a community, the government allocates money to them based on their population, thus providing an incentive for communes to team up and form communities. Ainsi, au 1er janvier 2020, la France ne comptait plus que 34 951 communes hors Mayotte et COM, ou 34 968 communes en incluant les 17 communes de Mayotte. Un an plus tard : 1 852 panneaux agrémentaient déjà le blog, plus de 30 personnes avaient adhéré à l’idée et contribuaient régulièrement à enrichir ce blog participatif. Since the Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts of 1539 by Francis I, the priest in charge of the parish was also required to record baptisms, marriages, and burials. Before the revolution, France's lowest level of administrative division was the parish (paroisse), and there were up to 60,000 of them in the kingdom. Switzerland and the Länder of Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, and Thuringia in Germany were the only places in Europe where the communes had a smaller median area than in France. Mairies de France.org est un site privé indépendant de l'administration française. The municipal arrondissement is the only administrative unit below the commune in the French Republic, but existing only in these three communes. Nom de la commune de naissance / All of these communes would have equal status, they would all have a mayor at their head, and a municipal council elected by the inhabitants of the commune. Les nombres de communes indiqués sont les nombres officiels donnés par l'Insee dans le code officiel géographique au 1er janvier 2020. Some in the National Assembly were opposed to such a fragmentation of France into thousands of communes, but eventually Mirabeau and his ideas of one commune for each parish prevailed. Even after Paris regained the right to elect its own mayor in 1977, the central government retained control of the Paris police. Ainsi, au 1er janvier 2020, la France ne comptait plus que 34 951 communes hors Mayotte et COM, ou 34 968 communes en incluant les 17 communes de Mayotte. Quelles villes de France possèdent le plus grand nombre d'habitants ? Except for these tasks, villages were left to handle other issues as they pleased. Commune of France is the leader of the Syndicalist Internationale and maintains good relations with almost all socialist countries and major socialist movements (such as the CNT-FAI) around the world. From 1794 to 1977—except for a few months in 1848 and 1870-1871—Paris had no mayor and was thus directly controlled by the departmental prefect. The new, larger, commune of Paris was set up under the oversight of Emperor Napoléon III in 1859, but after 1859 the limits of Paris rigidified. The expression "intercommunality" (intercommunalité) denotes several forms of cooperation between communes. Although in the Middle Ages the provosts of the merchants symbolized the independence of Paris and even had openly rebelled against King Charles V, their office had been suppressed by the king, then reinstated but with strict control from the king, and so they had ended up being viewed by the people as yet another representative of the king, no longer the embodiment of a free municipality. In addition, it offered central government finance aimed at encouraging further communes to join together in intercommunal structures. Aide mots fléchés et mots croisés. So far, however, local conservatism has been strong, and no mandatory merging proposal ever has made it past committee in the French Parliament. Découvrez les communes de France. In many places, the local feudal lord (seigneur) still had a major influence in the village's affairs, collecting taxes from tenant-villagers and ordering them to work the corvée, controlling which fields were to be used and when, and how much of the harvest should be given to him. Again this is a very small number, and here France stands absolutely apart in Europe, with the lowest communes' median population of all the European countries (communes in Switzerland or Rhineland-Palatinate may have a smaller surface area, as mentioned above, but they are more populated). Toutes les villes de France ... Cliquez sur une ville pour afficher ses informations. 35 - Ille-et-Vilaine (353 communes) 36 - Indre (247 communes) 37 - Indre-et-Loire (277 communes) 38 - Isère (533 communes) 39 - Jura (544 communes) 40 - Landes (331 communes) 41 - Loir-et-Cher (291 communes) 42 - Loire (327 communes) 43 - Haute-Loire (260 communes) 44 - Loire-Atlantique (221 communes) 45 - Loiret (334 communes) 46 - Lot (340 communes) 47 - Lot-et-Garonne (319 … In Italy, the median area of communes (comuni) is 22 km2 (8.5 sq mi); in Belgium it is 40 km2 (15 sq mi); in Spain it is 35 km2 (14 sq mi); and in Germany, the majority of Länder have communes (Gemeinden) with a median area above 15 km2 (5.8 sq mi). On 14 July 1789, at the end of the afternoon, following the storming of the Bastille, the provost of the merchants of Paris, Jacques de Flesselles, was shot by the crowd on the steps of Paris City Hall. [citation needed], Two famous examples of this are Toulouse and Paris. Développement et quelques cases financées par d'autres partenaires (la JICA, les communes de France). What the median population tells us is that the vast majority of the French communes only have a few hundred inhabitants; but there are also a small number of communes within much higher populations. The two communes in the French Republic with the longest names (38 letters): Three digits (department or collectivity) and two digits (commune) for the, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 07:05. gps.over-blog.com a vu le jour à la suite d’un pari un peu farfelu : photographier les panneaux d’entrée de toutes les communes de France. Boulogne-Billancourt. With its 904 communes, Alsace has three times as many municipalities as Sweden, which has a much larger territory covering 449,964 km2 (173,732 sq mi) and yet is divided into only 290 municipalities (kommuner). This is because the suburban communes refused an urban community for fear of losing too much power, and opted for a community of agglomeration, despite the fact that a community of agglomeration receives less government funds than an urban community. The municipal council is the legislative and deliberative organ of the commune. French lawmakers having long been aware of the inadequacy of the communal structure inherited from the French Revolution for dealing with a number of practical matters, the so-called Chevènement law of 12 July 1999 is the most recent and most thoroughgoing measure aimed at strengthening and simplifying this principle. One problem is that mergers reduce the number of available elected positions, and thus are not popular with local politicians. All communes have names, but not all named geographic areas or groups of people residing together are communes ("lieu dit" or "bourg"), the difference residing in the lack of administrative powers. Avec un prix d’achat à 1 130 € du m 2 et un prix moyen des loyers à 8 € du m 2 , Saint-Quentin se positionne en tête du classement des grandes villes les moins chères. The whole territory of the French Republic is divided into communes; even uninhabited mountains or rain forests are dependent on a commune for their administration. This article is about the municipal administrations of France. This is unlike some other countries, such as the United States, where unincorporated areas directly governed by a county or a higher authority can be found. 50 parishes in the case of Paris), and they were usually enclosed by a defensive wall. The consequence of the change, however, was that tens of thousands of villages which had never had legal "personality" (contrary to the chartered cities) suddenly became legal entities for the first time in their history. The median population given here should not hide the fact that there are pronounced differences in size between French communes. Several other cities of France quickly followed suit, and communes arose everywhere, each with their municipal guard. Le Code Officiel Géographique rassemble les codes et libellés des communes, des cantons, des arrondissements, des départements, des régions, des pays et territoires étrangers au 1 er janvier 2020.. This "mayor" was called provost of the merchants (prévôt des marchands) in Paris and Lyon; maire in Marseille, Bordeaux, Rouen, Orléans, Bayonne and many other cities and towns; mayeur in Lille; premier capitoul in Toulouse; viguier in Montpellier; premier consul in many towns of southern France; prêteur royal in Strasbourg; maître échevin in Metz; maire royal in Nancy; or prévôt in Valenciennes. The municipal councilors are elected by the inhabitants of the commune for a 6-year term. Today, French communes are still very much the same in their general principles as those that were established at the beginning of the Revolution. Declared hostility against the French government in exile, G… During the revolution, approximately 41,000 communes were created,[12] on territory corresponding to the limits of modern-day France (the 41,000 figure includes the communes of the departments of Savoie, Haute-Savoie and Alpes-Maritimes which were annexed in 1795, but does not include the departments of modern-day Belgium and Germany west of the Rhine, which were part of France between 1795 and 1815). This uniformity of status is a legacy of the French Revolution, which wanted to do away with the local idiosyncrasies and tremendous differences of status that existed in the kingdom of France. French kings often prided themselves on ruling over a "realm of 100,000 steeples". Friendly relations with Mexico, Georgia and Bharitya Commune. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 22 juin 2020 à 20:07. Le nombre de communes en France, est en fréquente modification, généralement à la baisse, du fait des fusions et scissions de communes. Liste des communes de la France d'outre-mer, Listes thématiques liées aux communes de France, dont le code postal ne correspond pas au département, Ayant abandonné leur nom pré-révolutionnaire, Ayant un nom issu de personnalités historiques, Dont le nom reprend le nom du département, Listes de départements français par thématique, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Listes_des_communes_de_France&oldid=172246001, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. The biggest changes occurred in 1831, when the French Parliament re-established the principle of the election of municipal councils, and in 1837 when French communes were given legal "personality," being now considered legal entities with legal capacity. By 1837 that situation was judged impractical, as mayors and municipal councils could not be parties in courts. It would take Napoleon I to re-establish peace in France, stabilize the new administrative system, and make it generally accepted by the population. Inspired by the Marxist politics and revolutionary goals of the International Workingmen's Organization (also known as the First International), workers of Paris united to overthrow the existing French regime which had failed to protect the city from Prussian siege, and formed the … Quelques villes de France. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where UK districts are much larger. Ce jeu de données détaille la liste des communes existantes françaises. This was fewer than the 60,000 parishes that existed before the revolution (in cities and towns, parishes were merged into one single commune; in the countryside, some very small parishes were merged with bigger ones), but 41,000 was still a considerable number, without any comparison in the world at the time, except in the empire of China (but there, only county level and above had any permanent administration).

commune de france

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